Sanidad y bienestar animal e inocuidad de los alimentos - ISSN 0718-218X
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E N T R E V I S T A -- HERRAMIENTA PVS DE LA OIE


Dr. Sarah Kahn
interview (english version)
OIE
1.
Considerando que a la fecha numerosos países han utilizado la Herramienta de evaluación PVS de la OIE, ¿cómo califica vuestra organización las evaluaciones realizadas y cuál es la opinión al respecto?
Dra. Khan:
The OIE PVS Pathway is a global programme for sustainable improvement of the quality of Veterinary Services (VS) and Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS), with reference to OIE standards. This is an important foundation for improving animal health and public health and improving compliance with WTO/SPS standards, at the national, regional and international level. The success of the PVS Pathway for strengthening good governance is well established. Based on voluntary requests of Members, more than 108 PVS (initial evaluation) missions had been undertaken globally as at 15 November 2011. The goal of the OIE is to help Members to comply with the OIE standards on quality of Veterinary and Aquatic Animal Health Services. This is the best way to improve animal health and welfare globally and to facilitate safe international trade in animals and animal products – both of which are central elements of the OIE mandate.
 
2.
Entendiendo que la Herramienta PVS tiene como objetivos determinar el desempeño del servicio veterinario oficial (SVO) de un país determinado, así como mostrar sus brechas respecto de un estándar definido, en su opinión ¿cuál es, en términos generales, la percepción de dicha Herramienta por parte de los países ya evaluados y sus expectativas respecto de su aplicación?
Dra. Khan:
As demonstrated by the demand of countries for missions (116 country requests received to date), the PVS Pathway is very well accepted by OIE Members and, importantly, by international donors.
The OIE is sensitive to the Members’ expectations and takes great care to assure the quality of each mission undertaken under the PVS Pathway, with an important focus on the certification of experts and the provision of a standardised Manual of procedures and reporting framework for experts. All reports are provided as drafts to countries for comment before finalisation. In addition, the OIE has produced a document for Delegates of countries considering or requesting a PVS evaluation mission, with information on what to expect.
 
3.
El “análisis de brechas” (AB) aparece como el paso lógico luego de la evaluación PVS; sin embargo, al analizar la información de la OIE se observa que son pocos los países que se han sometido a este procedimiento, ¿cuáles cree Ud. que son los factores que han influido y cómo?
Dra. Khan:
The PVS Gap Analysis is a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of a country’s needs and priorities based on the outcome of the OIE PVS Evaluation mission and on a discussion with Country VS on their priorities. The PVS Gap Analysis focuses primarily on the country’s national context and priorities but the regional context may also be taken into consideration when relevant. As at 15 November 2011, 50 missions had been completed of 70 country requests and the planning of missions for many remaining requests was at an advanced stage.
The OIE considers that this level of achievement gives further evidence of the relevance and value afforded to the PVS Pathway by OIE Members.
 
4.
¿Considera Ud. que la evaluación PVS podría convertirse en una herramienta de negociación sanitaria, como un elemento que los países miembros de la OMC deban considerar para el comercio de mercancías pecuarias? si este fuese el caso, ¿cuál sería el rol de dicha evaluación en el comercio señalado y qué falta para que ello se convierta en una realidad? es decir, ¿qué acciones podría tomar la OIE?
Dra. Khan:
The OIE promotes safe international trade in animals and their products by issuing sanitary standards for disease control and international trade; by working to improve the resources and legal framework of VS / AAHS, and by helping Members comply with the OIE standards, guidelines and recommendations, consistent with the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement).
To help ensure the effective performance of VS, the OIE has dedicated two chapters of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Code) to the Quality of VS and one chapter of the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code to the Quality of AAHS. A third chapter of the Code on communication and a draft fourth chapter on veterinary legislation are also relevant to VS quality. These OIE international standards, which are the basis for PVS evaluations, were democratically adopted by all OIE Members, as is the case with all OIE Code texts.
It is reasonable for importing countries to take account of the PVS evaluation of an exporting country - this relates to credibility in the issuance of sanitary certification, including transparency in disease reporting to the OIE. However, the PVS evaluation is not an audit and the results cannot be used for this purpose. Rather, the OIE PVS Tool promotes a culture of raising awareness and continual improvement, which can be used passively or actively depending on the priorities and commitment of the VS / AAHS and their stakeholders. The OIE’s objective is to help Members strengthen their VS and improve performance in a sustainable manner. This is reflected both in the structure of the PVS Tool and in the approach taken by certified PVS experts.
 
5.
Actualmente un número importante aunque no significativo de países evaluados han publicado los resultados obtenidos en el sitio Web de la OIE, ¿cuál es su opinión con respecto a que los países publiquen los resultados de las evaluaciones?
Dra. Khan:
The activities of VS and AAHS are an international public good and are consequently eligible for public funding (national and international). In order to convince donors and governments of the need for appropriate investment, countries should try to be transparent about the results of their PVS evaluation. Publication of the PVS mission report on the OIE website is one of the best ways to improve transparency. However, the OIE appreciates that national governments may hesitate to publish their PVS report due to concern about the potential disruption of trade, or other implications. As a minimum, the OIE encourages Members to make PVS reports available to the partners of the OIE, including the FAO, World Trade Organization, World Bank, European Union, and other organisations that could be prepared to make an investment in the country. This is clearly understood by Members; while only 13 reports have been published on the OIE website, 78 reports have been made available to OIE partners (see country reports).
 
6.
La OIE ha desarrollado un completo sistema basado en la herramienta de evaluación PVS, ¿cuál es la situación de otros instrumentos como, por ejemplo, una misión de legislación, y cuál ha sido el impacto de su aplicación en los países que han continuado con la denominada “ruta del PVS”?
Dra. Khan:

As a follow up to an evaluation using the OIE PVS Tool, and at the request of Members, the OIE offers other missions, including PVS Gap Analysis (see above) and, in a situation where much time has passed since the initial PVS Evaluation, the conduct of a PVS follow-up mission.
The OIE Veterinary Legislation Support Programme is intended to help governments wishing to modernise the national veterinary legislation and thereby help the VS to meet the OIE quality standards.
As with other elements of the OIE PVS Pathway, legislation missions are undertaken by experts who are trained and certified by the OIE for this purpose. Mission reports are confidential unless/until the country authorises release. As of 15 November 2011, 23 Identification missions had been undertaken (out of a total of 36 requests) and several more missions were at an advanced stage of planning. After an initial ‘identification’ mission the country may request a longer-term collaboration with the OIE, under a formal agreement. Other relevant activities include the first OIE Global Conference on Veterinary Legislation, held in Tunisia in December 2010 (see information), and the Veterinary Legislation Workshop for South African countries, held in Gabarone in November 2011.
A further important element of the OIE’s capacity building work under the PVS Pathway relates to the topic of veterinary education and governance of the profession. High quality veterinary education and effective veterinary statutory bodies are the cornerstones of good governance of Veterinary Services.
Relevant provisions on quality of veterinary education may be found in Terrestrial Code Chapter 3.1. and, with particular reference to the obligations of veterinarians when providing animal health certification, in Chapter 5.2. Unfortunately, the quality of veterinary education is not acceptable in many countries today. Veterinary education needs to be strengthened globally, notably with respect to:

the establishment of minimum requirements (a ‘core curriculum’), as it relates to the delivery of national veterinary services;
the harmonisation of key curriculum elements, to facilitate international mobility of veterinarians;
the establishment of quality control and recognition procedures for veterinary education establishments;
the regulation of the veterinary profession by the Veterinary Statutory Body (VSB) at national level.

The OIE has produced guidelines on the core curriculum for Day 1 graduating veterinarians in order to meet the OIE mandate. The development of a twinning programme for veterinary education establishments is ongoing. Hence, the OIE is also helping Members who wish to strengthen veterinary education, as a specific element of VS quality, under the PVS Pathway.

 
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